Poetry is about the manipulation of words to create an image, an evocative image. It's the use of language to produce a cohesive idea that transcends mere writing and lifts poetry to art. That being said, many novice writers may feel incredibly intimidated with the prospect of having to produce poetry. My approach to help desconstruct that barrier for the students is to introduce a formula poem like the Bio Poem.
Formula poetry is a style of poetry that adheres to an established set of guidelines in the creation of the work. There are different styles of formula poetry, some obviously more difficult than others. Some of the most popular formula poems are Haiku, Sonnets, and Cinquains, but the types I found most useful at the beginning stages of my poetry units were poems where the students finished a given line with different information. As the unit evolved, the poems became more difficult because the guidelines became less stringent.
The Bio Poem also served a dual purpose. When used at the beginning of the semester, this formula poem can also act as an icebreaker of sorts. Below you will find the guidelines for the formula, and my own Bio Poem. There are any number of different Bio Poems and this specific set of lines was presented to me at the Zelda Glazer Writing Institute about seven years ago. My intention with this post is to have it serve a something of an icebreaker for the community of this blog. I'd love it if my readers here would write their own Bio Poem as comments under this post. Please share!
Line #1: First Name
Line #2: Four Adjectives to describe certain character traits
Line #3: "Relative of..." (list three people/things)
Line #4: "Lover of..." (list three people/things)
Line #5: "Who feels..." (list three)
Line #6: "Who needs..." (list three)
Line #7: "Who gives..." (list three)
Line #8: "Who fears..." (list three)
Line #9: "Who would like to see..." (list three)
Line #10: Last Name
Here's my Bio Poem:
Creative, Crafty, Compassionate, Comfortable
Relative of Readers, Day-dreamers, and Starters
Lover of Family, Friends, and Coffee
Who feels Frustrated and Tired, or Happy and Rested
Who needs rest, quiet, and more coffee
Who gives time, effort, and the occassional cliché
Who fears my imagination, failure, and cockroaches (Thanks, Mom!)
Who would like to see my book at Barnes & Noble, the Pyramids, and the Dolphins win a Super Bowl
Again, feel free to post your own Bio Poem below. I'd love to read it. Ultimately, poetry is an art form meant to be enjoyed.
Here's a link to one of my favorite Billy Collins poems.